Week

Course Content

Resource

1

Introduction, Definitions, strain parameters, homogen and heterogeneous strain, finite and infinitesimal strain, the strain ellipse, the reciprocal strain ellipse, basic strain types

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

2

DEFORMATION, Strain in two dimensions, the general coordinate transformation equations,displacements, change in lengths and in angles, rotation angle, dilatation

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

3

SHEAR STRAINS, simple shear, strain ellipse fields and their geological significance, Mohr diagram,Mohr constructions with reference to strained and unstrained conditions, Mohr diagram and strain ellipses

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

4

GEOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF LENGTH CHANGES, structures which result from extension, boudinage, boudin types, structures which result from contraction, ptygmatic structures, stylolites, projection techniques

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

5

PROGRESSIVE DEFORMATION: The general progressive deformation proces, extension veins, fibrous veins, types of fibrous veins. Presure shadows, types of pressure shadows

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

6

STRAIN in THREE DIMENSIONS: Strain ellipsoid, types of strain ellipsoid, dilatation, the Flinn graph, the general homogenous strain types.Tectonite, types of tectonites, the March model for deformed lines and planes

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

7

PLANAR TECTONITE STRUCTURES: Cleavage, foliation, schistosity, slaty cleavage, crenulation cleavage, classification of cleavages, mechanisms of cleavage formation, fabric development stages, the relationship of folds and cleavages

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

8

LINEATIONS and LINEAR STRUCTURES: Lineations, types of lineations, linear structures. Cuspate and lobate structures. Mullion structures, types of mullion structures. Quartz rods.

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

9

FOLDS: The geometrical classification of folds, fold dimensions, fold systems, fold classification using layer thickness variations, dip isogons. Geometrical analysis of folds using projection techniques, ß and ? diagrams.

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

10

MidtermExams


11

FOLD MECHANISMS: Buckle folds, types of buckle folds, fleksurel slip folds, fleksurel flow folds, tangential longitudunal strain, similar folds, flattened parallel folds, bending, kink folds. Contour diagrams.

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

12

SUPERPOSED FOLDİNG: Formation of superposed folds,fold interference patterrns. Fault related folding, drug folds, faultbend folds, fault propagation folds. Transposition structures and rootless folds,

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

13

SHEAR ZONES: Types of shear zones, Displacements and shear strains, ductile shear zones, Fabrics of ductile shear zones, Enechelon vein arrays, determination of shear sense in shear zones

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

14

IMPACT STRUCTURES: Types of meteorites, formation of impact craters, types of impact craters, Recognition of impact structures

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber

15

OROGENY: Classical orogeny concept, Plate tectonics and orogeny, types of orogenic belts, Transpressional orogenic belts, Subduction controlled orogenic belts, Collisional orogenic belts, Collision of irregular continents, structures of large orogenic belts

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, J.G.Ramsay and M.I. Huber
